SCVMM 的Performance and Resource Optimization (PRO)功能介紹

by Daphne Lin 25. 十月 2010 00:11

作者:林國龍

精誠資訊 恆逸教育訓練中心 資深講師



PRO
功能需求

在討論Hyper-V虛擬化平台管理的時候,我們總是希望可以在自動化管理的前提下,大量利用虛擬化平台所提供的功能來簡化虛擬機器的管理,Power Shell是一個途徑,不過並非捷徑,因為對一般習慣Windows 圖形操作介面的IT人員,學習與進入障礙較大,微軟所提供的SCVMM管理工具倒是大量管理虛擬機器的一個好選擇。

至於如何在多個虛擬化平台伺服器之間動態、智慧的調配虛擬機器到最適當的主機上,微軟提出一個叫做PRO(Performance and Resource Optimization)的功能,可以自動的將執行於虛擬化平台伺服器上的虛擬機器動態調配置到最佳的主機上執行,進而達成所有虛擬化平台資源配置的最佳化,而不會有些Hyper-V機器剩餘的資源一堆,另一台卻苦無系統資源,導致虛擬化後的伺服器因為營養不良(沒RAM、沒CPU、硬碟I/O慢、網路利用率飽和)而效能低落。

藉由導入系統資源的監控,我們就可以利用監控的結果,來對所有的虛擬平台資源做最佳的配置,因為需要借助監控能力,所以當SCVMM未結合SCOM時,此功能無法啟用!經由整合SCOM的Agent監控能力,我們就可以在SCVMM中啟用PRO功能。

PRO的設定主要有三個部分:

一、 設定SCOM 伺服器

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二、 在Host Group啟用PRO功能,指定哪些受管理的主機要參與PRO的運作,並且可以設定是否依照PRO Tip的建議,自動地動態移轉虛擬機器到最適當的主機上執行。

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三、 設定Host Group的資源保留,這些設定會控制PRO機制觸發的門檻

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四、 最後就可以接收到PRO Tips也就是虛擬化平台資源配置最佳化的建議,若是設定為自動依據PRO Tips進行管理,虛擬機器將會自動配置到最適當的虛擬化主機上執行。

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可在課程中了解更多的
雲端與虛擬化管理技術之入門
相關學習資源︰W2K8HV:Windows Server 2008 Hyper-V R2 虛擬化技術

                          6331:System Center Virtual Machine Manager R2版本之佈署與管理

                         WS08TSV:微軟MCTS雙認證課程之雲端運算虛擬化技術

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